From Weekly Tafeer:
If one reads the Qur’ān, he would find that it is filled with the story of Mūsāعليه السلام so much so that one of the scholars said it was as if the whole of the Qur’ān was going to be story of Mūsāعليه السلام. And, in shā’ Allāh, today we will discuss a portion of is story as mentioned in Sūrat ud-Dukhān.
After mentioning the destruction of the people of Pharaoh, Allāh سبحانه و تعالى says,
فَمَا بَكَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ اٌلسَّمَاءُ وَ اٌلْأَرْضُ وَمَا كَانُواْ مُنظَرِينَ
Sa‘īd bin Jubayr رحمه اللهsaid, “A man came to Ibn ‘Abbās رضي الله عنهما and said to him: ‘O Abu Al-‘Abbās, Allāh says,
‘And the heavens and the earth wept not for them, nor were they given respite’ — do the heavens and the earth weep for anybody’ He رضي الله عنهما said, ‘Yes, there is no one who does not have a gate in the heavens through which his provision comes down and his good deeds ascend. When the believer dies, that gate is closed; it misses him and weeps for him, and the place of prayer on earth where he used to pray and remember Allāh also weeps for him. But the people of Fir‘awn left no trace of righteousness on the earth and they had no good deeds that ascended to Allāh, so the heavens and the earth did not weep for them.’”
Mūjahid رحمه الله said, “The earth cries for the believer (after his death) for 40 days.”
Points of Benefit:
1) We learn from this verse that the earth and heavens weep for the believer and do not do so for a disbeliever simply because he has no good deeds that would rise to Allāh سبحانه و تعالى. Some questions we should ask ourselves. How are we spending our lives? Are we doing good deeds or are indulged in total disobedience?
2) The concept of Ṣadaqat ul-Jāriyaħ can also be understood from this verse. Ibn Ḥazm رحمه اللهsaid, “Ongoing charity is that which continues to bring reward even after death.” Abu Hurayraħرضي الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allāhصلى الله عليه و سلمsaid, “The good deeds that will reach a believer after his death are: knowledge which he learned and then spread; a righteous son whom he leaves behind; a copy of the Qur’ān that he leaves as a legacy; a mosque that he built; a house that he built for wayfarers; a canal that he dug; or charity that he gave during his lifetime when he was in good health. These deeds will reach him after his death.” Another narration which is similar to it in which the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلمsaid, “When a man dies, his good deeds come to an end except three: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge and a righteous son who will pray for him.” This verse encourages us to do something that would be an ongoing charity and from which we will get rewards even after death.
And, indeed, Allāh سبحانه و تعالى knows best