So I tried to put all my Divine Speech notes together, but it was just too ambitious of a task…not because I was lazy but because it’s difficult to explain all the details and small grammar explanations we went through. Instead I decided I will post gems from my notes every now and then InshAllah. Here’s post number 1 :
Degrees of Emphasis & De-Emphasis
This is a HUGE reminder. Pay attention.
Allah says in the Quran:
“And if a breath (minor calamity) of the Torment of your Lord touches them, they will surely cry: “Woe unto us! Indeed we have been Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.).” [21:46]
You know how sometimes, people ask “well, how bad could hell really be”. This ayah is enough of a reminder for one to really reflect on “how bad” it could be. May Allah protect all of us. Please look carefully at each part of the ayah as the part comes up in the notes. They may be hard to follow, but InshAllah, I hope you get the point.
- There is no lesser punishment mentioned ANYWHERE in the Quran and Sunnah.
- This ayah represents the absolute MINIMUM Punishment one can receive in the hereafter.
- A factual statement is more powerful than a hypothetical statement
- Ayah begins with EVEN IF (two degrees weaker). LA-IN
- Even if it touched (to touch—verb) them (Verb sentence is weaker than a noun sentence—this makes the sentence a third degree weaker)
- Past tense alludes to a singular event.
- Even if it touched them once. (past, once) (four degrees weaker)
- Nafhatun-a cool draft.
- When you close the door and draft comes in. Cool draft-Nafhatun. Lafhatun-hot draft
- Allah uses Nafhatun—cool draft (five degrees weaker)
- Least degree of contact between two things, weakest word for contact used
- Even if a cool draft from out of the punishment barely touched them once………..
- From the punishment–draft of the punishment. Basically, this is not even the punishment itself, the ayah is talking about a cool draft from the punishment
- Does not say jahannum, saeer, etc.—which are incredibly harsh words for fire, blazing, etc.
- Rabb has positive meaning: caretaker, cherisher.
- Makes the ayah even less negative.
- Rabbika–YOUR LORD. Who’s you? Speaking to the Messenger of Allah (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam)
- Extremely positive condition that You is referring to the Messenger of Allah who Allah loves more than anyone.
- Gas touched them
- La yaqulunna—Two more certainlies (I made up this word, but you get the point) added. The word certainly is used 3 times.
- They will certainly certainly certainly…….. say over and over and over again. Allah is saying, they will say….
- Ya Waylana–speechlessness, wailing, Oh what enormous destruction has fallen upon us, ultimate doom.
- WE had been wrongdoers.
- WaylaNA INNA kuNNA…(surely, surely surely)
- Upon its sight (hell) people ask for death.
- SubhanAllah, this ayah shows that this is not EVEN the punishment from hell, rather a COOL draft FROM the punishment that is BARELY touching the wrongdoer ONCE…..that individual will be wailing and be in a complete sense of self-destruction…this is the absolute BARE MINIMUM punishment he himself brought upon himself. May Allah protect us all. Ameen.